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Tuesday, June 22, 2010

Pangeran Diponegoro

Prince Diponegoro (born in Yogyakarta, 11 November 1785 - died in Makassar, South Sulawesi, January 8, 1855 at the age of 69 years) was one of the national hero of the Republic of Indonesia. His grave is in Makassar.

The origin of Diponegoro

Diponegoro was the oldest son Hamengkubuwana III, a king of Mataram in Yogyakarta. Born on 11 November 1785 in Yogyakarta from a garwa ampeyan (concubine) named RA Mangkarawati, namely a garwa ampeyan (non empress wife) derived from Pacitan. Prince Diponegoro small named Raden Mas Mustahar then changed his name by the year 1805 became Hamengkubuwono II Bendoro Antawirya Raden Mas.

Realizing his position as the son of a concubine Diponegoro reject the desire of his father, Sultan Hamengkubuwono III, to make him king. He refused because his mother is not the empress. Having three wives, namely: Bendara Raden Ayu Antawirya, Raden Ayu Ratnaningsih, & Raden Ayu Ratnaningrum.

Diponegoro more interested in religion and the populist, so he preferred to live in residence Tegalrejo daughter's great-grandmother, Queen consort of HB I Ageng Tegalrejo than in the palace. Rebellion against the leadership of the palace began in Hamengkubuwana V (1822) where Diponegoro become one of the members who accompany guardianship V Hamengkubuwana new three-year-old, while the daily administration are held by Dutch resident Patih Danurejo together. How to trust like that is not approved Diponegoro.

History of struggle

Diponegoro War began when the Dutch side's put the peg in the ground in the village Tegalrejo Diponegoro. At that time, he was already fed up with the behavior of the Netherlands who do not appreciate the local customs and so exploit the people by taxation.

Diponegoro stance against the Dutch in an open, get sympathy and popular support. At the suggestion of Prince Mangkubumi, uncle, away from Tegalrejo Diponegoro, and create a base in a cave that is named Goa Selarong. At that time, stating that the opposition is Diponegoro sabil war, a fight against the infidels. The spirit of the "war sabil" Diponegoro who waged extensive impact to the region and Kedu Pacitan. One religious leader in Surakarta, Kyai Maja, joined forces with Selarong Diponegoro in Goa.

During this war the Dutch loss of not less than 15 000 soldiers and 20 million guilders.

Different ways to capture the Dutch pursued Diponegoro. Even the competition was used. 50 000 Gulden gift given to anyone who could capture the Diponegoro. Until finally Diponegoro was arrested in 1830.

Arrest and exile
February 16, 1830 Prince Diponegoro and met in the Remo Cleerens Colonel Kamal, Bagelen (now signed Purworejo region). Cleerens Kanjeng suggested that Prince and his followers first settled in Menoreh while awaiting the arrival of Lieutenant-Governor-General Mark de Kock from Batavia.
March 28, 1830 Diponegoro met General de Kock in Magelang. De Kock forces entered the negotiations and urged the Diponegoro to stop the war. The request was rejected Diponegoro. But the Netherlands has set up an ambush with care. The day was also arrested and exiled to Diponegoro, bus, and then taken to a House Residency, Semarang, and direct to Batavia using Pollux ship on April 5th.
11 April 1830 arrived in Batavia and imprisoned in Stadhuis (now the Museum building Fatahillah). While pending the completion of the Governor-General Van den Bosch.
30 April 1830 the decision came out. Prince Diponegoro, Raden Ayu Retnaningsih, Tumenggung Diposono and wife, as well as other followers like Mertoleksono, Bull Planthopper, and Nyai Sotaruno will be exiled to Manado.
May 3, 1830 Diponegoro and his entourage departed by boat to Manado Pollux and imprisoned in the fort Amsterdam.
1834 the fort was transferred to Rotterdam in Makassar, South Sulawesi.
January 8, 1855 Diponegoro died and was buried in the village of Java, Makassar.
In the struggle, assisted by his son, Prince Diponegoro named Good Singlon or Ki Sodewo. Ki Sodewo doing battle in the Kulon Progo and Bagelen.

Good Singlon or Ki is the son of Prince Diponegoro Sodewo with Citrowati Raden Ayu Puteri Raden Ronggo Madison Regent. Raden Ayu Citrowati is the brother of another mother with her father Sentot Prawiro Dirjo. Name Raden Mas Singlon or Good Singlon or Ki Sodewo snediri been included in the list issued by the side genealogy Blood Dalem Yogyakarta Palace.

Ki Sodewo struggle to accompany his father to death based on resentment eyangnya (Ronggo) and her mother when Raden Ronggo forced to surrender because the Dutch revolt. Through the hands of the prince of Mataram which was controlled by Patih Danurejo, then Raden Ronggo can be conquered. Ki small Sodewo Sentot with family and then submitted to the Regent Palace Madiun as evidence the success of the raid.

Ki Sodewo who was a baby and then taken by Prince Diponegoro then entrusted to her friend called Ki Tembi. Ki Tembi then took him away and always move around the place so that its presence does not smell by the Dutch. Netherlands itself at that time hated the child down Raden Ronggo who had always known as opponents of the Netherlands. The will of Prince Diponegoro, the baby was given the name which means Singlon disguises.

Ki Sodewo descent currently living in the former many pockets Ki Sodewo struggle at that time with a wide range of disciplines. With the blessing of the elders and led by the descendants of Prince Diponegoro to the seven named Raden Roni Muryanto, Descendants Ki Sodewo form a community with a Sodewo Breeds Society.

At least Prince Diponegoro had 17 sons and five daughters, all of whom are now living scattered across Indonesia, including Java, Sulawesi and Maluku.

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